Showing posts from June, 2014

Fire Technology And Arson Investigation Reviewer

Fire Technology and Arson Investigation

3 State of matter


4 General Categories Of Heat Energy

          Chemical Heat Energy
          Electrical Heat Energy
          Mechanical Heat Energy
          Nuclear Heat Energy

Backdraft - a phenomenon in which a fire that has consumed all available
oxygen suddenly explodes when more oxygen is made available, typically
because a door or window has been opened.

Boiling Point - The temperature of a substance where the rate of
evaporation exceeds the rate of condensation.

British Thermal Unit - (BTU)  The amount of heat needed to raise the
temperature of one pound of water one degree F.

Calorie - The amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of one
gram of water one degree Centigrade.

Centigrade - (Celcius)  On the Centigrade scale, zero is the melting
point of ice; 100 degrees is the boiling point of water.

Chemical Heat Energy

          Heat of Combustion - The amount of heat generated by the

Special Penal Laws

Special Penal Laws

BP 22 - Anti-Bouncing Checks Law - The gravamen of BP 22 is the
issuance of a check.

Commonwealth Act No.142 (Regulating the Use of Aliases) - No person
shall use any name different from the one with which he was
registered at birth in the office of the local civil registry, or
with which he was registered in the bureau of immigration upon entry;
or such substitute name as may have been authorized by a competent

Gambling - any game of chance or scheme, whether upon chance or skill,
wherein wagers consisting of money, articles or value or representative
or value are at stake or made.

Betting - betting money or any object or article of value or
      representative of value upon the result of any game, races and other
      sport contests.

Game-Fixing - any arrangement, combinations, scheme or agreement by
      which the result of any game, races or sport contests shall be
      predicated and/or known other than on the basis of the honest playing
      skill or ab…

Rights Of The Accused At The Trial

RULE 115 

The rule enumerates the rights of a person accused of an offense,
which are both constitutional as well as statutory, save the right
to appeal which is purely statutory in character.

1. Substantive – considers the intrinsic validity of the law
2. Procedural – based on the principle that a court hears before it
   condemns. Requirement of notice and hearing.

Section 1. Rights of accused at trial

A. To Be Presumed Innocent
      - In all criminal prosecutions, the accused is presumed innocent
        until the contrary is proved beyond reasonable doubt.

      - The conviction should be based on the strength of the prosecution
        and not on the weakness of the defense, an accusation is not
        synonymous with guilt.

           - It is the doubt engendered by an investigation of the
             whole proof and inability, after such investigation, to
             let the mind rest easy upon the certainty of guilt.
             Absolute certainty of gui…

Nursing Board Exam Result

May 2014 Nurse Licensure Examination Result

The Nursing Board Exam Result May 2014 has been released.

Click here for the list of successful examinees.

UST (University of Santo Tomas) Top this years Nursing Licensure
examination. Margaret Benosa Sanchez of the University Of Santo Tomas
is the First Placer with a rating of 86%.

The Top Performing Nursing School who garnered a 100% passing
percentage are the following:

      West Visayas State University - La Paz 139 examinees
      Cebu Normal University (Cebu State College) 78 Examinees
      Silliman University - 53 Examinees

22 of the Top Ten Came from UST. UST also Took the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and
4th place.

487 Nursing Schools participated in the Nursing Licensure Examination.

Out of 29,188 who took the exam, Only 11,225 passed.

52 Nursing Schools produced 0% passing percentage.

The Nurse Licensure Examination was given by the Board of Nursing in
the cities of Manila, Bacolod, Baguio, Cabanatuan, Cagayan de Oro, Cebu,
Dagupan, Davao, Ilo…

No Bail After Final Judgment; Exception

Section 22. Cancellation of bail

Bail is cancelled:
1. Upon application of the bondsmen with due notice to the prosecutor,
   upon surrender of the accused or proof of his death;
2. Upon acquittal of the accused;
3. Upon dismissal of the case; or
4. Execution of judgment of conviction.

   Without prejudice to any liability on the bail.

Section 23. Arrest of accused out on bail

The bondsmen who put the bail bond for the accused become the jailers
and they or the police officer to whom authority is endorsed may arrest
the accused for the purpose of surrendering him to the court. The
accused cannot leave the country without the permission of the bondsmen
and the court.

How Sureties May Be Relieved From Responsibility over The Accused:
1. Arrest the principal and deliver him to the proper authorities.
2. They may cause the arrest of the accused to be made by any police
   officer or other person of suitable age or discretion.
3. By endorsing the authority to arrest upon a certified copy of the

Forfeiture Of Bail

Section 18. Notice of application to prosecutor

Court to give reasonable notice of the hearing to the prosecutor or

require him to submit his recommendation.

Section 19. Release on bail

Upon approval of the bail by the judge, the accused must be discharged.

An officer who fails or refuses to release him from detention
notwithstanding the approval by the proper court of his bail bond may
be held liable under Art. 126 if the Revised Penal Code for delaying

Section 20. Increase or reduction of bail

The Court may, upon good cause, either increase or reduce the amount
of the bail.

If the accused does not give the increased amount of bail within a
reasonable time will be committed to custody.

NOTE: Where the offense is bailable, the mere probability that the
accused will escape or if he had previously escaped while under
detention does not deprive him of his right to bail. The remedy is
to increase the amount of bail, provided the amount is not excessive.
(Sy Guan v. Amparo, 79 Phil 670)

Section 21. …

Bail, Where Filed

Section 16. Bail, when not required; reduced bail or recognizance

Bail is not required when the law or rules provide:
1. Offense charged is violation of an ordinance, light felony or
   criminal offense the imposable penalty does not exceed 6 months of
   imprisonment and/or fine of P2,000 under RA 6036.

2. Where the accused applied for probation and before the same has
   been resolved but no bail was filed or the accused is incapable
   of filing one, in which case he may be released on his own

3. In case of a youthful offender held for physical or mental
   examination, trial or appeal, if unable to furnish bail and under
   the circumstances provided by P.D. 603, as amended.

4. A person who has been in custody for a period equal to or more
   than the possible maximum imprisonment prescribed for the offense
   charged, without prejudice to the continuation of the trial or
   the proceedings on appeal.

5. A person accused of an offense with a maximum penalty of destierro
   shall b…


Section 13. Justification of Sureties

a. photographs of the accused;
b. affidavit of justification;
c. clearance from the Supreme Court;
d. certificate of compliance with Circular No. 66 dated September 19, 1996;
e. authority of the agent; and
f. current certificate of authority issued by the Insurance Commissioner
   with a financial statement showing the maximum underwriting
   capacity of the surety company.

NOTE: The purpose of requiring the affidavit of qualification by the
surety before the judge is to enable the latter to determine whether
or not the surety possesses the qualification to act as such,
especially his financial worth as required in the previous section.

Section 14. Deposit of cash as bail

The accused or any person acting on his behalf may deposit cash with
the nearest collector of internal revenue or provincial, city or
municipal treasurer the amount of bail fixed by the court or
recommended by th…

Criminal Law Book 2 Reviewer

Criminal Law Book 2 Reviewer
Definition of Terms

Abduction - the taking away of a woman from her house or the place
where she may be for the purpose of carrying her to another place
with the intent to marry or to corrupt her.

      Related: Full Reference Material in Criminal Law

Forcible abduction - If a woman is transported from one place
      to another by virtue of restraining her of her liberty, and that
      act is coupled  with lewd designs.

Serious illegal detention - If a woman is transported just to
      restrain her of her liberty. There is no lewd design or lewd intent.

Grave coercion - If a woman is carried away just to break her
      will, to compel her to agree to the demand or request by the

Special complex crime of Kidnapping with Murder -  When the victim
      dies or is killed as a consequence of the detention.

Abortion By A Physician Or Midwife And Dispensing Of Abortives -
punishes a pharmacist who merely dispenses with an abortive without the proper