Trafficking in persons different from Illegal Recruitment


Trafficking in persons different from Illegal Recruitment

How is trafficking in persons different from illegal recruitment and human smuggling?

Trafficking in Persons may or may not involve coercion, fraud, deception, abuse of vulnerability, etc. Characterized by subsequent exploitation after the illegal entry of one person from one place to another or one country to another. There is a need to prove the presence of exploitation or that the recruitment was facilitated for the purpose of exploitation. Considered a human rights issue.

Illegal Recruitment usually does not involve coercion but uses more deception, promises, and fraud. Characterized by facilitating the entry of one person from one country to another through an unorganized or unlicensed agency. Mere recruitment without a license is punishable, no need to prove the consequential exploitation. Considered a migration concern.

Human Smuggling does not involve coercion. Characterized by facilitating for a fee, the illegal entry of a person into a foreign country. Proof of illegal entry by non-compliance with the necessary requirements for travel. Considered a migration concern.

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What is Trafficking In Persons (TIP)?


Trafficking In Persons

What is Trafficking In Persons (TIP)?

Trafficking in persons is an illegal act and is considered a violation of human rights.

Acts: it involves the recruitment, transportation, transfer or harboring, or receipt of persons with or without the victim's consent or knowledge, within or across national borders;

Means: it is committed by use of threat, use of force, or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or of position, taking advantage of the vulnerability of the person, or the giving or receiving of payment or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person; and

Purposes: it is done for the purpose of exploitation or the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery, involuntary servitude, or the removal or sale of organs.

Trafficking in Persons (TIP) is punishable under Republic Act No. 9802, otherwise known as the “Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003. 

Any person found guilty of committing any of the acts constituting TIP shall suffer the penalty of imprisonment of twenty (20) years and a fine of not less than one million pesos (Php 1,000,000.00) but not more than two million pesos (P2,000,000.00). 

If the offender is a corporation, partnership, association, club, establishment, or any juridical person, the penalty shall be imposed upon the owner, president, partner, manager, and/or any responsible officer who participated in the commission of the crime or who shall have knowingly permitted or failed to prevent its commission. 

The registration with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and license to operate of the erring agency, corporation, association, religious group, tour or travel agent, club or establishment, or any place of entertainment shall be canceled and revoked permanently. 

The owner, president, partner, or manager thereof shall not be allowed to operate similar establishments in a different name. If the offender is a foreigner, he shall be immediately deported after serving his sentence and be barred permanently from entering the country. 

Source: PIA Eastern Visayas via Philippine Commission on Women

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Tabuk Police Station


Tabuk Police Station

Tabuk Police Station

Prevent Business Robbery

1. Control your flow of cash. Install a drop safe for large bills, post limited cash signs, use secured services to make bank deposits, and never count money when the store is open.

2. Keep your back door and storerooms locked at all times, and install an alarm or video monitoring security system.

3. To deter criminals, keep your business clean and orderly and use bright lights at the entrance, in the store, and in parking lots.

4. Increase visibility in your business with lower shelves, mirrors to monitor all entrances, and limited external signs.

5. Use fences and landscaping to limit quick access to and from your business.

6. You are part of the community in which your business is located. Offer incentives to attract desired clientele especially when open in the late evening and early morning hours.

7. Train your employees on how to behave during a robbery and other such safety measures as greeting all customers and establishing eye contact.

Tabuk City Police Station Contact Details:

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  • Phone: 0908-900-0900