Section 9. Failure to move to quash or to allege any ground therefor. — The failure of the accused to assert any ground of a motion to quash before he pleads to the complaint or information, either because he did not file a motion to quash or failed to allege the same in said motion, shall be deemed a waiver of any objections based on the grounds provided for in paragraphs (a), (b), (g), and (i) of section 3 of this Rule. 


1. Facts charged do not constitute an offense

2. Court trying the case has no jurisdiction over the offense charged

3. Criminal action or liability has been extinguished

4. Double jeopardy

Bar Exam Question (2000)

Information; Motion to Quash (2000)

BC is charged with illegal possession of firearms under an Information signed by a Provincial Prosecutor. After arraignment but before pre-trial, BC found out that the Provincial Prosecutor had no authority to sign and file the information as it was the City Prosecutor who has such authority. During the pre-trial, BC moves that the case against him be dismissed on the ground that the Information is defective because the officer signing it lacked the authority to do so. The Provincial Prosecutor opposes the motion on the ground of estoppel as BC did not move to quash the Information before arraignment. If you are counsel for BC, what is your argument to refute the opposition of the Provincial Prosecutor? 

Suggested Answer:

I would argue that since the Provincial Prosecutor had no authority to file the information, the court did not acquire jurisdiction over the person of the accused and over the subject matter of the offense charged. (Cudia v. Court of Appeals, 284 SCRA 173 [1999]). Hence, this ground is not waived if not raised in a motion to quash and could be raised at the pretrial. (Sec. 8, Rule 117, Rules of Court).