The court found retired Gen. Jovito Palparan Jr. guilty in connection with a kidnapping and serious illegal detention case involving two students of the University of the Philippines in 2006.

Kidnapping and Serious Illegal Detention is punishable under Art.267 of the Revised penal Code. It is a crime against Personal Liberty and Security.

Remember this difference between illegal detention and arbitrary detention. In illegal detention, it is committed by a private individual who unlawfully
  • kidnaps, detains or otherwise deprives a person of liberty whereas in arbitrary detention, it is committed by a public officer or employee who detains a person without legal grounds.
  • Illegal Detention is a crime against personal liberty and security while Arbitrary Detention is a crime against the fundamental law of the state.

The penalty shall be death where the kidnapping or detention was committed for the purpose of extorting ransom from the victim or any other person, even if none of the circumstances mentioned in article 267 were present in the commission of the offense.