Criminalistics Review Questions

 Criminalistics Review Questions (Forensic Sciences)

These are sets of authentic documents which will serve as a basis for comparison with other matters in question.

A. Questioned Document

B. Standard Document

C. Sample 

D. Exemplar 

Answer: Standard Document

A type of document that bears the seals of the office issuing and the authorized signature to such document.

A. Public Document

B. Official Document

C. Private Document

D. Commercial Document

Answer: Official Document

It refers to the group of muscles which is responsible for the formation of the upward strokes.

A. Flexor

B. Cortex

C. Lumbrical

D. Extensor

Answer: Extensor

It refers to the sudden increase in pressure or the intermittently forcing of the pen against the paper surface with an increase in speed.

A. Pen Pressure

B. Pen Shading

C. Pen Emphasis

D. Retouching

Answer: Pen Emphasis

It refers to the factor that relates to the condition of the writer as well as the circumstances under which the writing was prepared.

A. System of Writing

B. Copy-Book Form

C. Writing Movement

D. Writing Condition

Answer: Writing Condition

Fingerprints of a person will be carried from the womb to the tomb.

A. Principle of Individuality

B. Principle of Permanency

C. Principle of Infallibility

D. Principle of Fallacy

Answer:  Principle of Permanency

The first conviction in the Philippines of a case that gave recognition to the science of fingerprints.

A. People vs. Medina

B. People vs. Jennings

C. Miranda vs. Arizona

D. West case

Answer:  People vs. Medina

The instruments are specially designed to permit the firearm examiner to determine the similarity and dissimilarity between two fired bullets or two fired shells.

a. Bullet Comparison Microscope

b. Bullet Microscope

c. Bullet Comparison Microscope

d. Bullet Microscope

Answer: A

The sunken area within the rifling is observed when looking into the barrel of a firearm.

a. Grooves

b. Lands

c. Bore

d. Pitch

Answer: A

The bullet discovered at the crime scene, fired from a 38 caliber firearm, bears five lands and five grooves with a right-hand twist, suggesting that it was discharged from which type of gun?

a. Colt

b. Browning

c. Remington

d. Smith and Wesson

Answer: D

Is the study of firearms identification by means of the ammunition fired through them or fired through a submitted suspected firearm.

a. Ballistics

b. Forensie Ballistics

e. Terminal Ballistics

d. Internal Ballistics

Answer: B

The still block which closes the rear of the bore against the force of the charge is;

a. Breech face

b. Breech block

c. Chamber

d. Bore

Answer: B

It is referred to as one's name written by himself on a document as a sign of acknowledgment.

a. Handwriting

b. Writing

c. Signature

d. Writing habit

Answer: C

It is a document which is completely written and signed by one person.

a. Holograph documents

b. Hand lettering

c. Disputed Documents

d. Handwriting

Answer: A

It is defined as the visible speech.

a. Letter

b. Typewriter

c. Handwriting

d. Hand lettering

Answer: C

It is the gap between strokes due to speed in writing and defective writing instruments.

a. Tremor

b. Lateral Spacing

c. Rhythm

d. Hiatus

Answer: D

A document is being questioned because of its origin, its contents the circumstances, or the stories of its production.

a. disputed document

b. standard document

c. requested document

d. questioned document

Answer: D

Which of these is NOT a commonly used physiological measure in lie detection?

a. Skin conductance (sweat)

b. Blood pressure

c. DNA analysis

d. Breathing rate

Answer: C

Which technique involves analyzing microexpressions that appear on a person's face for very brief durations?

a. Voice Stress Analysis (VSA)

b. Pupil dilation measurement

c. Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

d. Microexpression analysis

Answer: D

Which type of lie detection technique relies on monitoring changes in brain activity to detect deception?

a. Polygraph test

b. Voice Stress Analysis (VSA)

c. Electroencephalogram (EEG) analysis

d. Microexpression analysis

Answer: C

What is the primary physiological basis for the polygraph (lie detector) test?

a. Eye movement tracking

b. Voice analysis

c. Heart rate, blood pressure, and skin conductivity changes

d. Facial expression recognition

Answer: C

Which physiological response is often referred to as the "fight or flight response and is monitored in some lie detection techniques?

a. Pupil dilation

b. Sweating

c. Yawning

d. Blink rate

Answer: B