Fundamentals of Criminal Investigation Definition Of Terms

fundamentals of criminal investigation


Admission - is a voluntary acknowledgment, confession, or concession of the
existence of a fact or the truth of an allegation made by a party to the suit.

Associative Evidence - is evidence that ties a suspect to the crime scene, the victim,
or some other bit of evidence. Fingerprints, footprints, hair, fibers, blood and other
bodily fluids, knives, bullets, guns, paint, and many other objects and substances,
even soil, can link a suspect to the scene.

Bugging - is the act of concealing a miniature microphone in (a room or telephone) in
order to eavesdrop on or record some one's conversations secretly.

Burned - when an investigator  has been exposed. The target has become aware
that he is being watched.

Circumstantial Evidence - also known as indirect evidence. It is distinguished
from direct evidence, which, if believed, proves the existence of a particular
fact without any inference or presumption required. Circumstantial evidence
relates to a series of facts other than the particular fact sought to be proved.

Confession - A confession in criminal investigation may be defined as an
out-of-court statement by a suspect in which he or she voluntarily,
knowingly and intelligently acknowledges that he or she committed or
participated in the commission of a crime.

Corpus Delicti - the facts and circumstances constituting a crime. Concrete evidence
of a crime, such as a corpse.

Deposition - in Criminal Investigation,is a formal written statement, made for example
by a witness to a crime or by the perpetrator of a crime.

Eavesdropping - is secretly or stealthily listening to the private conversation of
others without their consent.

Ibid - is a latin word, it is the short for ibidem. It means in the same place.
It is the term used to provide an end note or footnote citation or reference
for a source that was cited in the preceding end note or footnote.

Investigare - is a Latin word which means to track or trace by footprint and to
study or examine closely.

Felony - a higher level crime usually punishable by more than one year in prison.

Jonathan Wild - was a London underworld figure during the 1600's notable for
operating on both sides of the law, posing as a public-spirited crime fighter
entitled the "Thief-Taker General".He was a thief employed to catch a thief.

Loc. Cit. - is a footnote or end note term used to repeat the title and page
number for a given work (and author).

Misdemeanor - a lower level crime, usually punishable by less than one year in
prison.

Sit On - conduct a stakeout or stationary surveillance.

Tail - to conduct a moving surveillance.

Trace - means to find or discover by investigation.

US Secret Service - created on July 5, 1865. Original mission was to suppress the
production and distribution of counterfeit currency. After the  assassination of
President William McKinley in 1901, they took their role of presidential protection.

Wiretapping - is the practice of connecting a listening device to a telephone line
to monitor conversations secretly.


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