Police Intelligence

Police Intelligence Reviewer

Accuracy of Information 
1 - Confirmed By Other Sources
2 - Probably True
3 - Possibly True
4 - Doubtfully True
5 - Improbable
6 - Truth Can Not Be Judged

Alexander The Great - A Greek Conqueror, was able to identify those
who are disloyal to him by ordering the opening of communication
letter of his men and was successful in uplifting the esprit de corps
and morale of his men.

Artificial Intelligence - The ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings.

ASIS - Australian Secret Intelligence Service - Primary responsibility
is gathering intelligence from mainly Asian and Pacific interest
using agents stationed in wide variety of areas. Its main purpose like
other most agencies is to protect the country's political and
economic interest and ensure the safety of its citizens against
national threats.

Bundesnachrichtendienst - BND, Federal Intelligence Service, is the
foreign intelligence agency of the German government, the BND act as
the early warning system to alert the German government against
threats to its interest coming from abroad.

Categories of Intelligence
1. National Intelligence - integrated product of intelligence
   developed by all government departments concerning the broad
   aspect of national policy and national security.
2. Departmental Intelligence - the intelligence required by the
   department or agencies of the government to execute iys mission
   and discharge its responsibilities.
3. Military Intelligence - refers to the knowledge by the military
   institution essential in the preparation and execution of military
   plans, policies and programs.

CIA - Central Intelligence Agency, is the civilian intelligence agency
of the USA. It is the largest intelligence agency in the world.

Classifications of Documents
1. Top Secret - calls for the utmost degree of protection, Unauthorized
   revelation of this materials and information will cause extremely
   severe damage to the nation, politically, economically, or
2. Secret - unauthorized disclosure of this documents or things may
   put at risk the national security, cause serious injury to the
   reputation of the nation.
3. Confidential - Unauthorized revelation of which may be injurious
   to the reputation of the nation or governmental activity or will
   cause administrative humiliation or unnecessary injury.
4. Restricted - this are information which should not be published
   or communicated to anyone except for official purposes. These
   records are daily files, routine in nature even if lost or
   destroyed will not affect operation or administration.

Classification of Sources of Information
1. Open Sources - 99% of the information collected are coming from
   open sources or obtained from overt operation.
2. Close Sources - only 1% of information are obtained from covert

      Elements of Clandestine Operation
      1. Sponsor - directs the organization conducting the clandestine
      2. Target - person, place or things against which the
         clandestine activity is to be conducted.
      3. Agent - refers to a person who conducts the clandestine
         operations, includes principal agents, action agents,
         and support agents.

            Principal Agent - leader or management agent in clandestine
            operation usually undertaken by the case officer.

            Action Agent - one who conducts the clandestine operation
            that includes:
               a. Espionage Agent - agent who clandestinely procure or
                  collect information.

               b. Propagandist - agents who molds the attitudes, opinions
                  and actions of an individual group or nation.

            Support Agent - agent who is engaged in activities which
            supports the clandestine operations that includes the ff:
               a. Surveillant - agent who observes persons and places
                  of operation of interest.
               b. Investigator - agent who undertakes to procure
                  information or things of clandestine operation.

            Procurer of Funds - agent who obtains money when needed
            for operational use.

            Safe House Keeper - agents who manages and maintains a safe
            house for clandestine operations like meetings, safe heavens,
            training, briefing and debriefing.

            Communication Agent - agent who is detailed to secure
            clandestine communications.          

Coding - the changing of message from plain clear text to unintelligible
form, also known as encrypting.

      Decoding - transforming of coded message into plain text, also
      known as decrypting.

Counter Intelligence - phase of intelligence covering the activity
devoted in destroying the effectiveness of hostile foreign activities
and the protection of information against espionage, subversion and

      Types of Counter Intelligence
      1. Passive CI Measures - protection of classified and sensitive
         information against unauthorized access through secrecy,
         communication security and other safeguards.
      2. Active CI Measures - are those measures which seek actively
         to block enemies effort to gain information or engage in
         espionage, subversion and sabotage.

      Categories of Counter Intelligence Operations
      1. Military Security - it encompasses the measures taken by a
         command to protect itself against espionage, enemy operation,
         sabotage, subversion, or surprise.
      2. Port Boundary and Travel Security - application of both
         military and civil security measures for counter-intelligence
         control at point of entry and departure, international borders
         and boundaries.
      3. Civil Security - active and passive counter-intelligence
         measures affecting the non-military nationals permanently
         or temporarily residing in an area under military
      4. Special Operations - counter subversion, sabotage and espionage.

      Objectives of Counter-Intelligence
      1. It denies information to the enemy
      2. It reduces the risk of a command
      3. Aid in achieving surprises
      4. Increases the security of the command
      5. Decrease the ability of the enemy to create information
         about he forces.
      Functions/Activities of Counter-Intelligence
      1. Protection of Information against espionage
      2. Protection of personnel against subversion
      3. Protection of installations and materials against sabotage

Cryptography - arts and science of codes and ciphers.

Crypto Analyst - refers to those persons who break intercepted codes.

Cryptographer - refers to a person who is highly skilled in converting
message from clear to unintelligible forms by use of codes and ciphers.

Delilah - a biblical personality, she was able to gain information
by using her beauty and charm, she was responsible for the fall of
Samson, a known Israelite leader and enemy of the Philistines.

Frederick The Great - Father of organized military espionage.
FSD - Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation, is the main
domestic security agency of the Russian Federation, and the main
successor of the Cheka, NKVD and the KGB.

General Directorate For External Security - France external
intelligence agency, operating under the direction of  the french
Ministry of Defense.

Heavy Water/Deuterium Oxide - A form of water that contains a larger than normal amount of the hydrogen isotope deuterium.

Informants - any person who hand over information to the agents which
is relevant to the subject.

      Type of Informants
      1. Anonymous - unidentified or unknown informants.
      2. False Informant - reveals information of no consequences
         or value.
      3. Frightened Informants - weakest link in criminal chain,
         motivated by anxiety.
      4. Self-Aggrandizing - moves around the the center of criminals
         delight in surprising the police about bits of information.
      5. Mercenary - information for sale, needed something for exchange
         of information.
      6. Double Crosser - wants to get more information from the police
         more than what he gives.
      7. Women Informant - most dangerous type of informant.
      8. Legitimate - operators of business.

      Motives of Informants
      1. Vanity - conceited act/character of the criminal resulting to
         self betrayal or tantamount to guilt, gaining favorable
         attention and importance by the police.
      2. Civic-Mindedness - sense of duty and obligation to assist
         the police.
      3. Fear - a person under an illusion of oppression by enemies or
         of other impending danger.
      4. Repentance - one who has a change of heart and wishes to
         report a crime that is preying on his conscience.
      5. Gratitude or Gain - an expression of appreciation to obtain
         a privilege or an interest in the welfare of his family
         during his detention.
      6. Revenge - to settle a grudge due to settle a previous injury.
      7. Jealousy - envious of the accomplishments or possessions of
         another and wishes to humiliate him.
      8. Remuneration - a person who informs solely for the pecuniary
         or other material gain he is to receive.

Information Warfare - The manipulation of information trusted by a target without the target's awareness to encourage them to make decisions against their own interest, but in the interest of the one conducting the manipulation.

Informers - refers to any person who provides information to the agents
in a regular basis regarding a subject, they are paid either on a
regular or case to case basis.      

Intelligence - the organized effort to collect information, to assist
it Little by little, and piece it together until it forms larger and
clear pattern. (intelligence as an activity)
             - the end product resulting from the collection,
evaluation, analysis, integration and interpretation of all
available information which may have immediate or potential
significance to the development and execution of plan, policies and
programs of the user.(intelligence as a product)
             - an institution composed of person who prepares a plan
or formulating policies.(intelligence as an institution)

Intelligence Cycle
1. Planning
2. Collection
3. Processing
4. Dissemination

      Planning - the intelligence officer must have a thorough
      knowledge of the available sources of information, the
      collecting agencies and type of information the latter can

      Collection - the intelligence officer must have thorough
      knowledge of the available sources of information and
      collecting agencies and the type of information they can
      provide and consider the following:
         a. Determine collecting agency
         b. Send orders or request
         c. Supervise collection efforts
         d. Use tools or techniques in collection
         e. Ensure timely collection

         Factors in Choosing Collection Agents
         a. Capability - agents placement or access to target
         b. Multiplicity - more agents
         c. Balance

      Processing - Five Steps
      1. Recording - is the reduction of information in writing
         or other form of graphical representation and
         arranging the information into groups of related items.
      2. Evaluation - is the determination of the pertinence of the
         information to the operation, reliability of the source or
         agency and the accuracy of the information.
               Pertinence - does it holds some value to current
               Reliability - judging the source of information or
               Credibility - truth of information
      3. Analysis - is the stage in which the collected information
         is subjected to review in order to satisfy significant facts
         and derive conclusions there from.
      4. Integration - the combination of the elements isolated
         analysis with other known information related to the
      5. Interpretation - process of determining the significance of
         new information and its meaning.

      Dissemination - processed information or intelligence data are
      disseminated to end users, common methods of disseminating intel
      data are conferences, briefing and person to person exchanges.
      In this process, consider the factors of timeliness, correctness
      and security.

ISI - Inter-Services Intelligence, Pakistan's premier intelligence
agency. It was established in 1948. Its office is located in Islamabad.

Julius Caesar - in his time, the staff of each legion includes ten
speculators who served as an information collecting agency. The
Speculators were the first intelligence personnel to appear in a
military organization. Military success of the Romans was aided by
the communication system. Made use of pigeons as carrier which made
intelligence transmittal very fast.

Karl Schulmeister - known as Napoleon's Eye, he was credited for
establishing counter-intelligence against spies. He is a master of
deceit who used black mail to obtain vital information to identify
the enemy's of Napoleon.

Kinds of Covert Operation
   1. Surveillance - is the covert, discreet observation of people and
      places for the purpose of obtaining information concerning the
      identities or activities of subjects.

         Surveillant - is the plainclothes investigator assigned to
         make the observation.

         Subject - can be a person, place, property and vehicle,
         group of people, organization, or object.

         Safe house - refers to place where agents meet each other
         for purposes of debriefing and reporting.

         Live Drop - refers to a place where agents or informants
         leave their messages to the other agents.

         Decoy - a person or object used by the subject in an attempt
         to elude the surveillant.

         Convoy - an associate of the subject who follows him to
         detect surveillance.

         Log - chronological records of activities that took place
         in the establishment under surveillance.

         Methods of Surveillance
         1. Stationary Surveillance - also referred to as Fixed or
            Stakeout Surveillance - is used when you know or suspect
            that a person is at or will come to a known location, when
            you suspect that stolen goods are to be dropped  or when
            informants have told you that a crime is going to be

         2. Moving Surveillance/Shadowing/Tailing - simply the act
            of following a person.

               Forms of Shadowing/Tailing
               1. Loose Tail - employed where a general impression
                  of the subject's habits and associates is required.
               2. Rough Shadowing - employed without special
                  precautions, subject maybe aware of the surveillance,
                  employed also when the subject is a material
                  witness and must be protected from harm or other
                  undesirable influences.
               3. Close Tail - extreme precautions are taken against
                  losing the subject is employed where constant
                  surveillance is necessary.

   2. Casing - it is the careful inspection of a place to determine
      its suitability for a particular operational purpose.

   3. Elicitation - the process of extracting information from a person
      believe to be in possession of vital information without his
      knowledge or suspicion.

   4. Employment of Technical Means

            Bugging - the use of an equipment or tool to listen and
            record discreetly conversation of other people.

            Wiretapping - a method of collecting information through
            interception of telephone conversation.

   5. Tactical Interrogation - it is the process or method of obtaining
      information from a captured enemy who is reluctant to divulge

   6. Observation and Description - it is a method of collecting
      information by just merely using the different senses.

Methods and Techniques of Collecting Information
      Information - all evaluated materials of every description
      including those derived from observation, reports, rumors,
      imagery and other sources from which intelligence is produced.

      Types of Agents Used in Collecting Information
      1. Agent of Influence - agent who uses authority to gain
      2. Agent in Place - agent who has been recruited within a highly
         sensitive target
      3. Penetration Agent - agent who have reached the enemy, gather
         information and able to get back without being caught.
      4. Expendable Agent - agent who leaks false information to the
      5. Double Agent - an enemy agent who has been taken into custody
         turned around and sent back where he came from as an agent
         of his captors.

MI6 - Secret Intelligence Service, supplies the British government
of foreign intelligence.

MSS - Ministry of State Security, is the security agency of the
Peoples Republic of China.

Mole - also known as sleeper agent. Tasked with monitoring an
organization or individual. A mole can spend years in the same place
only responding to missions when assigned. They are trained to be
visible but to keep their motives unknown.

Mossad - Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations, is
responsible for the intelligence collection and covert operation of
the Israel government, Its Director reports directly to the
Israel Prime Minister.  It is one of the entities of the Israeli
intelligence community along with AMAN (Military Intelligence) and
SHIN BET (Internal Security)

Moses - sent 12 scouts to the land of Canaan to survey the land,
the people, their location and the nature of their cities.

NICA - National Intelligence Coordinating Agency, the primary
intelligence gathering arm of the Philippines. Its motto is
Knowledge is Safety. It is headed by a Director General and is
assisted by a Deputy Director General. The Director General reports
directly to the President of the Philippines.

      EO 492 issued on February 1, 2006, ordered the NICA to activate
      the National Maritime Aerial Reconnaissance and Surveillance
      Center or NMARSC. The NMARSC shall serve as the primary intel
      provider for the Philippine intelligence community. Under the
      supervision and oversight of the National Security Adviser, the
      NICA-NMARSC will operate unmanned aerial vehicles or UAV's to
      cater to the imagery intelligence demands of various government

Police Intelligence - the end product resulting from the collection,
evaluation, analysis, integration and interpretation of all available
information regarding the activities of criminals and other law
violators for the purpose of effecting their arrest, obtaining evidence
and prevent plan to commit crimes.

      Categories of Police Intelligence
      1. Strategic Intelligence - knowledge pertaining to the
         capabilities and vulnerabilities of a foreign nation which
         is required by the national planners for the formulation
         of an adequate national defense. Intelligence is for long
      2. Counter-Intelligence - preparation and execution of plans
         and programs to neutralize or prevent any activities
         undesirable to the police organization.
      3. Line or Tactical Intelligence - intelligence information
         directly contributes to the accomplishment of specific
         objectives and immediate in nature and necessary for more
         effective police planning and operation.

      Components of Strategic Intelligence
      1. Political Intelligence - deals with domestic and foreign
         affairs and relations of government operations.
      2. Economic Intelligence - deals with the extent and utilization
         of natural and human resources to the industrial potential
         of the nation.
      3. Transportation and Telecommunication intelligence - concerned
         with the operations and facilities of the military and

      Functional Classification of Police Intelligence
      1. Criminal Intelligence - refers to the knowledge essential
         to the prevention of crimes and the investigation, arrest
         and prosecution of criminal offenders.
      2. Internal Security Intelligence - refers to the knowledge
         essential to the maintenance of peace and order.
      3. Public Safety Intelligence - refers to the knowledge
         essential to ensure the protection of lives and properties.

Principles of Intelligence
1. Intelligence and Operation are interdependent
2. Intelligence is continuous
3. Intelligence must be useful
4. Intelligence operation requires imagination and foresight
5. intelligence must be available on time
6. Intelligence must be flexible
7. Intelligence requires continuous security measures

RAW - Research and Analysis Wing is India's external intelligence
agency. Its primary function is collection of external intelligence,
counter-terrorism and covert operations.

Reliability of Information
A - Completely Reliable
B - Usually Reliable
C - Fairly Reliable
D - Not Usually Reliable
E - Unreliable
F - Reliability Can Not Be Judge

Saboteur - a spy or member of a clandestine organization who destroys machinery, bridges, equipment, or other products of the enemy.

Security Clearance - is a certification by a responsible authority
that the person described is clear to access and classify matters
at appropriate levels.

      Interim Clearance - effective for 2 years.
      Final Clearance - effective for 5 years.

Security Measures and Operations in Relation To Intelligence
1. Physical Security - the broadest type of security that is concerned
   with the physical measures designed to safeguard personnel and
   prevent unauthorized access to equipment, facilities, materials,
   documents and to protect them from espionage, sabotage, damage,
   or theft.
2. Communication Security - the protection resulting from the
   application of various measures which prevent or delay the enemy
   or unauthorized person in gaining information through communication.
   This includes transmission, cryptographic and physical security.
3. Documentary Security - protection of documents, classified matters
   and vital records from loss, access to unauthorized persons, damage,
   theft and compromise through proper storage and procedure.
4. Personnel security - the sum total procedures followed, inquiries
   conducted and criteria applied to determine the work suitable to
   a particular applicant or the retention or transfer of a
   particular employee.

         Personnel Security Investigation - is an inquiry into the
         character, reputation, discretion, integrity, morals and
         loyalty of an individual in order to determine a person's
         suitability for appointment and access to classified matters.

         Types of PSI
         1. Local Agency Check - refers to the investigation of the
            records and files of agency in the area of principal
            residence of the individual being investigated: Mayor,
            Police, Fiscal where the individual is a resident.
         2. National Agency Check - it consist of LAC supplemented by
            investigation of the records and files of the following
            agencies: PNP. ISAFP, NBI, CSC, Bureau of Immigration
            and other agencies.
         3. Background Investigation - a check made on an individual
            usually seeking employment through subject's records in
            the police files, educational institutions, place of
            residence and former employers.

               Complete Background Investigation - a type of BI which
               is more comprehensive, it consist of detailed information
               regarding the subject.

               Partial Background Investigation - investigation of the
               background of an individual but limited only to some of
               the circumstances.

Sun Tzu - author of the art of war.

Undercover Operation - also called Roping - is disguising one's
own identity or using an assumed identity for the purpose of
gaining the trust of an individual or organization to learn secret
information or to gain the trust of targeted individuals in order
to gain information or evidence.

      Cover - it refers to the changing, forging, or falsifying agent's
      real personality including but not limited to things, location,
      job and others that will be used in undercover assignments.

         Types of Cover
         1. Artificial -altering the background that will correspond
            to theh operation.
         2. Multiple - includes different cover
         3. Natural - actual or true background

      Hazards of Undercover Operations
      1. Reintegration back to normal duty
      2. Maintenance of identity

      Uses and Types of Undercover Assignment
      1. Residential Assignment - it is related to the neighborhood
         of the subject, where the agent will live as a new resident
         without making any suspicion. His mission is to make friends
         within its neighborhood and gather information regarding
         the subject and possibly getting closer to the subject.
      2. Social Assignment - the agent will gain access to the subject
         by going to the different hangout places of the subject and
         gather information like knowing how to drink socially
         without getting drunk.
      3. Work Assignment - the agent will be employed where the subject
         work to acquire information. The agent must know his work and
         focus his mind set and habit to his work assignment
      4. Subversive Organization - this is the most dangerous of all
         the undercover assignment, the agent will join the organization
         of the subject itself, he must know the ideologies of the
         group and the actions while inside should conform to the
         organization to avoid any suspicion.