Partial Extinction Of Criminal Liability


ART. 94

Kinds of Partial Extinguishment:
   - By Conditional Pardon
   - By Commutation of sentence
   - For good conduct, allowances which the culprit may earn
     while he is serving sentence
   - By Parole
   - By Probation

Conditional pardon – contract between the sovereign power of the
executive and the convict

NOTE: Convict shall not violate any of the penal laws
of the Philippines.

In Case Of Violation Of Conditions:
1. Offender is re-arrested and re-incarcerated
2. Prosecution under Art. 159

COMMUTATION – change in the decision of the court by the chief
regarding the:
1. degree of the penalty
2. by decreasing the length of the imprisonment or fine

Commutation Allowed When:
1. person is over 70 years old
2. 8 justices fail to reach a decision affirming the death penalty

Conditional Pardon From Parole
1. Conditional Pardon - Given after final judgment
   Parole - Given after service of the minimum penalty

2. Conditional Pardon - Granted by Chief Executive
   Parole - Given by the Board of Pardons and Parole

3. Conditional Pardon - For violation, convict may be prosecuted
   under 159
   Parole - For violations, may be rearrested, convict serves
   remaining sentence














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