1. Causing any serious disturbance in a public place, office or establishment;
2. Interrupting or disturbing public performances, functions, gatherings or
    peaceful meetings, if the act is not included in Art 131 and 132 (Public Officers
    interrupting peaceful meetings or religious worship);
3. Making any outcry tending to incite rebellion or sedition in any meeting, association
    or public place;
4. Displaying placards or emblems which provoke a disturbance of public order in
    such place;
5. Burying with pomp the body of a person who has been legally executed.

TUMULTUOUS - caused by more than 3 persons who are armed or provided with means of violence.


If the act of disturbing or interrupting a meeting or religious ceremony is not
committed by public officers, or if committed by public officers who are
participants therein, this article applies. Art 131 and 132 punishes the same acts if
committed by public officers who are not participants in the meeting.

The outcry is merely a public disorder if it is an unconscious outburst which,
although rebellious or seditious in nature, is not intentionally calculated to induce
others to commit rebellion or sedition, otherwise, it is inciting to rebellion or

Qualifying circumstance – if it is TUMULTUOUS

Serious disturbance must be planned or intended.

This article applies if the disturbance is not caused by a public officer; or, if
it is committed by a public officer, he is a participant therein.