On Criminal Law
1. That the offender is a manager, employee or servant;
2. That he learns the secrets of his principal or master in such
3. That he reveals such secrets.
Damage is not required by this article.
An employee, manager, or servant who came to know of the secret of
his master or principal in such capacity and reveals the same shall
also be liable regardless of whether or not the principal or master
Essence of this crime is that the offender learned of the secret in
the course of his employment. He is enjoying a confidential relation
with the employer or master so he should respect the privacy of
matters personal to the latter.
If the matter pertains to the business of the employer or master,
damage is necessary and the agent, employee or servant shall
always be liable. Reason: no one has a right to the personal privacy