Importation And Disposition Of Falsely Marked Articles Or Merchandise Made Of Gold, Silver, Or Other Precious Metals Or Their Alloys

ART.187.

ELEMENTS:
1. That the offender imports, sells or disposes of any article or merchandise made of gold,
    silver or other precious metals;
2. That the stamps, brands, or marks of those articles or merchandise fails to indicate the
    actual fineness or quality of said metals or alloys; and
3. That the offender knows that the said stamp, brand, or mark fails to indicate the actual
    fineness or quality of the metals or alloys.

When evidence show the article to be imported, selling the misbranded articles is not necessary.

The manufacturer who alters the quality or fineness is liable for estafa under Art. 315, 2(b)

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