1. That the offender makes use of insignia, uniform or dress;
2. That the insignia, uniform or dress pertains to an office not held by the offender or
   to a class of persons of which he is not a member;
3. That said insignia, uniform or dress is used publicly and improperly.


An exact imitation of the dress or uniform is unnecessary; a colorable resemblance
calculated to deceive is sufficient

The term “improperly” means that the offender has no right to use the uniform or insignia.

Wearing the uniform of an imaginary office, not punishable

Using naval, military, police or other official uniform, decoration or regalia of
foreign State with intent to deceive or mislead is punished by RA 75 by a fine not
exceeding P200 or imprisonment not exceeding 6 months, or both

Wearing insignia, badge or emblem of rank of the members of the Armed Forces of the
Philippine or Constabulary is punished by RA 493 by a fine of not less than P100 and
not exceeding P2,000 or by imprisonment for not less than one month or not exceeding
two years, or both, except if used in playhouse or theater or in moving picture films