The crimes punishable by death are:
1. Treason (Art. 114)
2. Qualified Piracy (Art. 123)
3. Qualified Bribery (Art. 211-A)
4. Parricide (Art. 246)
5. Murder (Art. 248)
6. Infanticide (Art. 255) HOWEVER: If any crime penalized in this Article be committed
   by the mother of the child for the purpose of concealing her dishonor, she shall suffer
   the penalty of prision mayor in its medium and maximum periods, and if said crime be
   committed for the same purpose by the maternal grandparents or either of them,
   the penalty shall be reclusion temporal.
7. Kidnapping and Serious Illegal Detention (Art. 267)
8. Robbery (Art. 294): when by reason or on occasion of the robbery, the crime of
   homicide shall have been committed, or when the robbery shall have been
   accompanied by rape or intentional mutilation or arson.
9. Destructive Arson (Art. 320)
10. Rape (Art. 335)
    a. Committed with the use of a deadly weapon or by two or more persons
    b. When by reason or on the occasion of the rape, the victim has become insane
    c. When the rape is attempted or frustrated and a homicide is committed by reason or on
       the occasion thereof
   d. Committed with attendant circumstances
11. Plunder (R. A. 7080)
12. Violations of Dangerous Drugs Act
13. Carnapping (R. A. 6539)

GENERAL RULE: The death penalty shall be imposed in all cases upon which it must be imposed
under existing laws.

EXCEPTIONS (In which cases the penalty shall be reduced to reclusion perpetua):
1. when the guilty person is below 18 years of age at the time of the commission of the
2. when the guilty person is more than 70 years of age;
3. when upon appeal or automatic review of the case by the Supreme Court, the required
   majority vote is not obtained for the imposition of the death penalty,