On Criminal Law
1. Offender performs unlawful or unauthorized acts;
2. Such acts provoke or give occasion for a war involving or liable
to involve the Philippines or expose Filipino citizens to
reprisals on their persons or property;
Crime committed in time of peace.
Intent of the offender is immaterial.
In inciting to war, the offender is any person. If the offender is a
public officer, the penalty is higher.
Reprisals are not limited to military action, it could be economic
reprisals, or denial of entry into their country.
Example: X burns Chinese flag. If China bans the entry of Filipinos
into China, that is reprisal.