History of Firearms (Timeline)

history of firearms

1232 - The Chinese who invented gunpowder (black powder) first used it in a weapon - gunpowder-filled tubes aka rockets.

1364 - First recorded use of a firearm - shooter lit wicks by hand that ignited gunpowder that was loaded into the gun barrel.

1400 - Matchlock guns - first mechanically firing of guns. Wicks were now attached to a clamp that sprang into gunpowder that was placed in a "flash pan".

1509 - Wheel lock guns - wicks were replaced by the wheel lock that generated a spark for igniting the gunpowder.

1630 - Flintlock guns - the flintlock did two things mechanically, it opened the lid of the flash pan and provided an igniting spark.

1825 - Percussion-cap guns invented by Reverend John Forsyth - firing mechanism no longer uses a flash pan, a tube lead straight into the gun barrel, the tube had an explosive cap on it that exploded when struck

1830 - Back action lock

1835 - Colt revolver - first mass-produced, multi-shot, revolving firearms

1840 - Pin-fire cartridges

1850 - Shotguns

1859 - Full rim-fire cartridge

1860 - Spencer repeating carbine patented

1861 - Breech loaded guns

1862 - Gatling Gun
1869 - Center-fire cartridge

1871 - Cartridge revolver

1873 - Winchester rifle

1877 - Double-action revolver

1879 - Lee box magazine patented

1892 - Automatic handguns invented by Joseph Laumann

1893 - Borchardt pistol - automatic handgun with a separate magazine in the grip

1903 - First automatic rifle a Winchester.


PD 10591 Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act


Forensic Ballistics Reviewer