History of Firearms (timeline)


1232 - The Chinese who invented gunpowder (black powder) first used it in a weapon - gunpowder filled tubes aka rockets.
  
1364 - First recorded use of a firearm - shooter lit wicks by hand that ingnited gunpowder that was loaded into the gun barrel.
  
1400 - Matchlock guns - first mechanically firing of guns. Wicks were now attached to a clamp that sprang into gunpowder that was placed in a "flash pan".
  

1509 - Wheel lock guns - wicks were replaced the wheel lock that generated a spark for igniting the gunpowder.
  
1630 - Flintlock guns - the flintlock did two things mechanically, it opened the lid of the flash pan and provided an igniting spark.
  
1825 - Percussion-cap guns invented by Reverend John Forsyth - firing mechanism no longer uses flash pan, a tube lead straight into the gun barrel, the tupe had an exposive cap on it that exploded when struck
  
1830 - Back action lock
  
1835 - Colt revolver - first mass-produced, multi-shot, revolving firearms
  
1840 - Pin-fire cartridges
  
1850 - Shotguns
  
1859 - Full rim-fire cartridge
  
1860 - Spencer repeating carbine patented
  
1861 - Breech loaded guns
  
1862 - Gatling Gun
    
1869 - Center-fire cartridge
  
1871 - Cartridge revolver
  
1873 - Winchester rifle
  
1877 - Double-action revolver
  
1879 - Lee box magazine patented
  
1892 - Automatic handguns invented by Joseph Laumann
  
1893 - Borchardt pistol - automatic handgun with a separate magazine in the grip
  
1903 - First automatic rifle a Winchester.

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