Criminology Review Questions

Criminology Review Questions

It is an act committed by a minor who violates the penal code of the government refers to:

a. Delinquency Child

b. Juvenile

c. Delinquent

d. Juvenile Delinquency

Answer: Juvenile Delinquency

This refers to behavior that has brought him into repeated conflict with the law, regardless of whether he has been taken before a court or not.

a. Child

b. Delinquent

c. Anti-social behavior

d. Recidivist

Answer: Delinquent

This doctrine emphasizes the role of the state as a "parent" or guardian to protect the best interests of the child.

a. Parens Patriae

b. The best interest of the child

c. Rehabilitative Model

d. Waiver to adult court

Answer: Parens Patriae

Truancy, running away from home, and violating curfew are examples of offenses committed by:

a. Status offenders

b. Juvenile delinquents

c. Recidivist

d. Delinquency

Answer: Status Offenders

One who has internalized his conflicts and is preoccupied with his own feelings.

a. Neurotic

b. Social

C. Asocial

d. Accidental

Answer: Neurotic

What term refers to the psychological discomfort a person experiences when their actions or beliefs contradict one another?

A. Cognitive dissonance

B. Confirmation bias

C. Operant conditioning

D. Social loafing

Answer: Cognitive dissonance

Which of the following brain structures is primarily responsible for regulating emotions, including fear and aggression?

A. Hippocampus

B. Amygdala

C. Prefrontal cortex

D. Cerebellum

Answer: Amygdala

What type of serial killer is motivated by a psychological need to kill and derives pleasure from the act itself?

A. Mission-oriented

B. Visionary

C. Hedonistic

D. Power/control-oriented

Answer: Hedonistic

According to the routine activities theory, which of the following is a necessary component for a crime to occur?

A. Poverty

B. Mental illness

C. Suitable target, motivated offender, and absence of a capable guardian

D. Police presence

Answer: Suitable Target

Which of the following is considered a biological factor that may contribute to criminal behavior?

A. Social learning

B. Parenting style

C. Exposure to media violence

D. Genetic predisposition

Answer: Genetic predisposition

This theory purports that crime is a destructive effect of capitalism and is caused by income or property inequality or poverty.

A. Radical theory

B. Social reaction theory

C. Social structure theory

D. Social disorganization theory

Answer: Radical Theory

It is a psychotic delusion characterized by incorrect people suffering from this disorder.

A. depression

B. Schizophrenia

C. phobia

D. neurosis

Answer:  Schizophrenia

The shape of the human skull is indicative of one's personality and could be used to predict criminality. What field of study is this?

A. Phrenology

B. Physiognomy

C. Somatotype

D. Heredity

Answer: Phrenology

It represents the unconscious biological drives for sex, food, and other life-sustaining necessities.

a. id

b. ego

c. superego

d. none of the above

Answer: id

Those committed by a series of acts in a lengthy space of time.

A. instant crimes

B. episodic crimes

C. seasonal crimes

D. situational crimes

Answer: episodic crimes

Those committed in the shortest possible time.

A. instant crimes

B. episodic crimes

C. seasonal crimes

D. situational crimes

Answer: instant crimes

Those committed only when given the situation conducive to their commission.

A. instant crimes

B. episodic crimes

C. seasonal crimes

D. situational crimes

Answer: situational crimes

Those committed only during a certain period of the year like during the election period, Christmas season, etc.

A. instant crimes

B. episodic crimes

C. seasonal crimes

D. situational crimes

Answer: seasonal crimes

When a single act constitutes two or more grave felonies or when an offense is a necessary means for committing the other.

A. Double crime

B. Complex crime

C. simple crimes

D. single crimes

Answer: Complex crime

When a single act constitutes only one offense ex. Homicide, robbery, rape.

A. double crime

B. complex crime

C. simple crimes

D. single crimes

Answer: simple crimes

They are generally characterized by using legitimate or illegitimate business enterprises for illegal profit.

A. organized crime

B. white-collar crime

C. blue collar crime

D. pink collar crime

Answer: organized crime

They are violations of law committed by a person or a group of persons in the course of an otherwise respected and legitimate occupation or business enterprise.

A. organized crime

B. white-collar crime

C. blue collar crime

D. pink collar crime

Answer: white collar crime

It refers to the time and place of the commission of the crime.

A. opportunity

B. motive

C. intent

D. crime

Answer: Opportunity

This is the driving force, the reason why the accused committed the crime.

A. opportunity

B. motive

C. intent

D. crime

Answer: motive

Is defined as an act committed or omitted in violation of public law forbidding or commanding it.

A. felony

B. crime

C. offense

D. none of these

Answer: crime

Which research method is commonly used in criminological research to study crime trends and patterns?

a. Case studies

b. Surveys

c. Experiments

d. Content analysis

Answer: B

What is the primary objective of criminological research?

a. To develop new criminal laws

b. To identify the most effective punishment for criminals

c. To understand the causes and patterns of criminal behavior

d. To determine the guilt or innocence of suspects

Answer: C

A researcher is interested in studying the impact of a new rehabilitation program on reducing recidivism rates among ex-convicts. Which type of research design is most appropriate for this study?

a. Case study

b. Experimental design

c. Observational study

d. Longitudinal study

Answer: B

What is the definition of recidivism in criminological research?

a. The act of committing a crime while incarcerated

b. The rate at which crimes are reported to the police

c. The tendency of individuals to re-offend after being released from correctional facilities

d. The act of committing crimes in different jurisdictions

Answer: C

Which kind of research sampling will select a representative sample of participants from a large population.

a. Convenience sampling

b. Snowball sampling

c. Stratified sampling

d. Purposive sampling

Answer: C

Which term is used for police officers who passively accept and take advantage of opportunities for corruption?

a. Meat eaters

b. Grass eaters

c. Opportunists

d. None of the above

Answer: D

Other term of "EXPIATION" is

a. Egoism

b. Explication

c. Atonement

d. Explanation

Answer: C

The term referring to the power of making decisions or a choice is  ______.

a. Decision-making

b. Vision

c. Discretion

d. Problem-solving

Answer: C

What is the geographic territory claimed by a gang?

a. Beat

b. Territory

c. Turf

d. Either B or C

Answer: C

Which is referred to as the group of citizens patrolling at night and armed with rattles to call for help?

a. Watchman

b. Rattlesnake

c. Rattle watch

d. Bellman patrol

Answer: C

Which is sometimes referred to as a special heinous crime?

a. Infamous crime

b. Famous crime

c. Crime

d. Offense

Answer: A

What is an accusation based on probable cause by a grand jury charging an individual with a specific crime?

a. Pilferage

b. Accusation 

c. Indictment

d. Inducement

Answer: C

A crime discovered after the perpetrator has left the scene?

a. Hot crimes

b. Crime Scene

c. Cold crimes

d. Either A or B

Answer: C

What is a civil wrong which the court seeks a remedy in the form of damages to be paid?

a. Gift

b. Tort

c. Crime

d. None of the above

Answer: B

A person who commits a crime due to less physical stamina or self-control.

a. Criminaloids

b. Criminal by passion

c. Insane criminal

d. Born Criminal

Answer: A

It is the center stage of a Police Officer's actions wherein his spectators are the citizens whom he has sworn to serve with utmost dedication.

a. Court

b. Community

c. Police station

d. None of the preceding

Answer: B

It is considered the weakest pillar in the Philippine Criminal Justice System because it fail to reform offenders and prevent them from returning to criminal life.

a. Police

b. Prosecution

c. Correctional institutions

d. Community

Answer: C

All PNP members must have the moral courage to sacrifice self-interest in keeping with the time-honored principle of _______.

a. Delicadeza

b. Pakikisama

c. Balikatan

d. None of the above

Answer: A

May be defined as a study and investigation of crime and criminals and is concerned with the application of knowledge regarding crime to social programs of crime prevention and control.

a. Etiology of crime

b. Criminalist

c. Criminology

d. Criminal Investigation

Answer: C

It is the unwritten authority given to police officers to make decisions, using one's own judgment based on justice and fairness.

a. Negotiation

b. Discretion

c. Arraignment

d. Plea bargaining


Ans. B

The law that provides care and treatment of youthful offenders from apprehension to the termination of the case is,

a. RA 7610

b. PD 603

c. PD 6975

d. RA 6425


Ans. B

A strange development of mutual feeling between the hostage and the hostage taker due to the prolonged time of negotiation is known as.

a. Camaraderie

b. Stockholm syndrome

c. Successful negotiation

d. Sympathy

Ans. B

Appeals from the decision given by the Chief, PNP regarding a case, are filed with the,

a. PNP Summary Disciplinary Board

b. Peoples Law Enforcement Board

c. NAPOLCOM National Appellate Board

d. NAPOLCOM Regional Appellate Board

Ans. C

Four inspections and audit authorities conduct agency checks on the PNP. They are; The NAPOLCOM, Civil Service Commission, Commission on Audit, and

a. NBI


c. DOJ

d. Presidential Management Staff

Answer: B

There is a trend in criminal activities which was studied that as one grows older, there is also a decline in criminal activities. This is known as.

a. Aging-out phenomenon

b. Age-line curve

c. Parkinson's law

d. Age-crime relationship

Ans. A

When PNP members and their families involve themselves in religious, social, and civic activities in the community, it enhances _________ which will work well for the image of the police.

a. Camaraderie

b. Social awareness

c. Responsiveness

d. Effectiveness

Ans. B

The absence of a complaining victim in the typology of crime is classified as a public order crime or?

a. Crimes against person

b. Victimless crime

c. Physical crime

d. Public scandal

Ans. B

The best measure of the competence of a police officer is?

a. Command of word

b. High level of education

c. Ability to make good reports

d. High morale

Ans. D

Presidential Decree 603 deals with offenders, whose age is less than nine but under 18 at the time of the commission of an offense.

a. Habitual

b. Professional

c. Minor

d. Adult

Ans. C

The need to assault or injure somebody is referred to as?

a. Need recognition

b. Need aggression

c. Need difference

d. Need order

Ans. B

They play an important role by bringing criminal events to the police.

a. Media

b. Judges

c. Jail guards

d. Janitor

Ans. A

Differential Association Theory, stresses that criminal conduct is learned behavior and that learning occurs through communication and association with others with the same criminal mind.

a. Cesare Beccaria

b. Cesare Lombroso

c. Cesar Montano

d. Edwin Sutherland

Ans. D

Excessive use of force or police brutality by some members of the PNP is a violation of human rights and police ethical standards. It is mandated that all PNP members shall exercise proper and _______ use of authority in the performance of duty.

a. Proportionate

b. Ethical

c. Effective

d. Legitimate

Ans. D

This theory states that intelligence is largely determined genetically: that ancestry determines IQ and that low IQ is linked to behavior, including criminal behavior.

a. Cultural deviance theory

b. Labeling theory

c. Nature theory

d. Strain theory

Ans. B

This theory states that crime and delinquency result when an individual's bond to society is weak or broken.

a. Social learning

b. Social structure

c. Social process

d. Social control

Ans. D

The purpose of a police public relations program is,

a. Train police officers in community relation program

b. Recruit new members for community relation program

c. Develop mutual understanding between the police and the public

d. Plan for a police-community relation program

Ans. C

The Chief PNP has a term of _____ years.

a. 5

b. 4

c. 3

d. 2

Ans. B

When the incarcerated convicted offender undergoes rehabilitation inside jails, they are undergoing?

a. Institutional treatment

b. Probation

c. Parole

d. Community-based treatment

Ans. A

The police-to-population ratio in urban areas ideally should be,

a. 1:1000

b. 1:750

c. 1:900

d. 1:500

Ans. D

All PNP members should try to create a positive image of the police in the eyes of their public in line with its ________ building program.

a. People's awareness 

b. Human relations

c. Image building 

d. Educational

Answer: C

The following are the types of descriptive research except.

A. Ethnographic studies

B. Case studies

C. Surveys

D. Developmental study

Answer: A

This type of research seeks to quantify or reflect in numbers the observations on the characteristics of the population being studied.

A. Qualitative research

B. Explanatory research

C. Quantitative research

D. Exploratory research

Answer: B 

This type of research provides an accurate portrayal of the characteristics of a particular individual, situation, or group. Also known as statistical research.

A. Intervention research

B. Extensive research

C. Correlation research

D. Descriptive research

Answer: D

This research investigates the relationships between factors or variables?

A. Intervention research

B. Correlation research

C. Extensive research

D. Explanatory research

Answer: B

What should be formulated in searching keywords or phrases pertinent to the problem, question, or interest?

A. Indexes

B. Search terms

C. References

D. Glossary

Answer: B

This is a child who has been induced or forced by parents or guardians or other persons or circumstances to indulge in activities that endanger his moral, emotional, and social development.

A. Exploited child

B. Abused child

C. Neglected child

D. Abandoned child

Answer: A

The United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice is otherwise known as:

A. Beijing Rules

B. China Rules

C. U.N. Rules

D. Hong Kong Rules

Answer: A

This theory finds that society is in a constant state of internal conflict, different groups strive to impose their will on others and those in power will use the justice system to maintain their status while keeping others subservient.

A. Social control theory

B. Social reaction theory

C. Social conflict theory

D. All of these

Answer: C

This theory argues that the root causes of delinquency may be traced to learning delinquent attitudes from peers, becoming detached from school, or experiencing conflict in the home.

A. Sociological theory

B. Social structure theory

C. Social event theory

D. Social process theory

Answer: D

This theory believes that it is the Interaction between predisposition and environment that produces delinquency, eg., children born into a disadvantaged environment with a lack of family support.

A. Biosocial theory

B. Sociological theory

C. Biological theory

D. Psychological theory

Answer: A

This marks the next phase of the juvenile justice process, wherein a judge decides whether the facts of the case merit a formal court hearing.

a. Adjudication inquiry

b. Detention inquiry

c. Disposition inquiry

d. Intake proceedings

Answer: A

This places juveniles in centers, juvenile jails, or government agencies subsequently screened by juvenile probation officers under the administration of the probation office.

a. Intake

b. Police action

c. Detention

d. Adjudication

Answer: A

This means, in place of the parent deemed incapable or unworthy over children in trouble or in danger or becoming wayward.

a. In locu parentis

b. Parens patriae

c. Patrea potestas

d. None of these

Answer: A

This refers to providing programs for juveniles in a community-based setting rather than an institution, and it is premised on the theory that labeling youth as delinquent could become self-fulfilling.

a. Diversion

b. Deinstitutionalization

c. Due process

d. Decriminalization

Answer: B

It takes place in a group home where the juvenile is provided with psychological and vocational counseling, and it includes rural programs, such as forestry camps and work farms.

a. Community residence

b. Residential treatment

c. Community program

d. Residential program

Answer: B

Macho means

A. assertive       

B. angry      

C. heroic   

D. stubborn

Answer: C

The adjudication by the court that the defendant is guilty or is not guilty of the offense charged and the imposition of the penalty provided by law on the defendant who pleads or is found guilty thereof 

A. judgment   

B. false informant 

C. information 

D. admission

Answer: A

A clandestine operation in police parlance means: 

A. covert intelligence 

B. surveillance 

C. secret activity    

D. overt intelligence

Answer: C

What do you call a motor vehicle accident that causes someone to die? 

A. non-fatal injury accident 

B. fatal accident    

C. traffic law enforcer 

D. property damage 

Answer: B

An enclosed vertical space of passage that extends from floor to floor, as well as from the base to the top of the building is called

A. sprinkle evidence 

B. vertical shaft    

C. flash point 

D. standpipe system 

Answer: B

A word or group of words that express a complete thought. 

A. adverb  

B. verb       

C. subject    

D. sentence  

Answer: D 

When an investigator finds a tool at the crime scene, he should first of all: 

A. pick it up for closer examination taking care not to jar it. 

B. Compare the cutting edge of the tool with the impressions to determine if this was the tool used in the crime. 

C. immediately collects it and always sends it to the crime laboratory for scientific examination 

D. wait until the crime scene has been sketched or photographed and measurements taken before he collects the evidence

Answer: D

A wall designated to prevent the spread of fire has a fire-resistance rating of not less than four hours with sufficient structural stability to remain standing even if construction on either side collapses under the fire conditions. 

A. Wood rack

B. firewall        

C. post wall     

D. fire trap

Answer: B

The presence of the symptom of alcohol intoxication without the smell of alcoholic breath is a sign that the suspected person is under the influence of:

A. Amphetamine drug

B. Barbiturates   

C. Hallucinogens

D. Narcotics

Answer: B

In a state of agitation and dullness of the mind as a result of the drug, the dependent becomes careless and loses concentration on his job. This may cause:

A. accident in the home

B. accident at work   

C. dependence on family resources

D. Withdrawn forgetfulness

Answer: B

What is the Latin term for criminal intent? 

A. Mens Rea   

B. Magna Culpa  

C. Inflagrante Delicto 

D. Mala In Se

Answer: A

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