Instrument Construed So As To Give
Effect To All Provisions
In the construction of an instrument where there are several
provisions or particulars, such a construction is, if possible, to
be adopted as will give effect to all.
As a general rule there is need to prove the authenticity of private
documents. Are there exceptions to this general rule ?
Yes. There may be no need to prove the a authenticity of
a. When the document is ancient. (Sec. 21, Rule 132, ROC)
b. When the execution and genuineness of the document is
admitted by the adverse party.(Tria vs. Cruz, 14 Phil.551)
c. When the genuineness and due execution of the document is
immaterial.(Hicks vs. Coleman, 25 Cal.122)