Indirect Assault

ARTICLE 149.

ELEMENTS:
1. The direct assault is committed against an agent of a person in authority;
2. That the offended party comes to the aid of such agent of a person in authority; and
3. That the offender makes use of force or intimidation upon the said offended party.

NOTES:

Indirect assault can be committed only when a direct assault is also being committed.

To be indirect assault, the person who should be aided is the agent and not the person
in authority. In the latter case, it is already direct assault. According to Art 152:
The person coming to the aid of the person in authority is considered an agent and an
attack on the latter is already direct assault.

Art. 152 clothes any person who comes to the aid of a person in authority with
the fiction of an agent of a person in authority. Any assault on him on the
occasion of his aiding a person in authority or his agent in indirect assault.

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