2. Indemnities in the course of judicial proceedings
Costs (expenses of the litigation) are chargeable to the accused
in case of conviction. In case of acquittal, the costs are
de oficio, each party bearing his own expense.
No costs are allowed against the Republic of the Philippines,
until law provides the contrary.
The payment of costs is fully discretionary on the Court.
Costs may be fixed amounts determined by law or regulations or
subject to a schedule.