1. That the offender is a public officer;
2. That he is charged with the custody of papers or property;
3. That these papers or property are sealed by proper
4. That he breaks the seals or permits them to be broken.
It is the breaking of the seals and not the opening of a
closed envelope which is punished.
Damage or intent to cause damage is not necessary; damage is
In "breaking of seal", the word "breaking" should not be
given a literal meaning. Even if actually, the seal was not
broken, because the custodian managed to open the parcel
without breaking the seal.
The element of damage is not required.