1. That there be boundary marks or monuments of towns,
provinces, or estates, or any other marks intended to
designate the boundaries of the same; and
2. That the offender alters said boundary marks.
Art. 313 does not require intent to gain.
The word “alter” may include:
a. destruction of stone monument
b. taking it to another place
c. removing a fence
The Penalty for this crime is arresto menor or a fine not exceeding
P100 or both.
During the fifteenth Congress, a bill was passed to increase the
amount of fine to P8,000 but it never became a law. P100
fine is too low at this present day.