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Philippine Anti Money Laundering Act Of 2001



Money laundering -  is a crime whereby the proceeds of an unlawful activity are transacted, thereby making them appear to have originated from legitimate sources.

PERSONS LIABLE:
1. Any person knowing that any monetary instrument or property represents, involves,
   or relates to, the proceeds of any unlawful activity, transacts or attempts to transact
   said monetary instrument or property.
2. Any person knowing that any monetary instrument or property involves the proceeds
   of any unlawful activity, performs or fails to perform any act as a result of which he
   facilitates the offense of money laundering referred to in paragraph (a) above.
3. Any person knowing that any monetary instrument or property is required under this Act to
   be disclosed and filed with the Anti-Money Laundering Council (AMLC), fails to do so.

Covered transaction:
Transaction In excess of P500,000 within one banking day.

Suspicious transaction, Requisites:
1. Covered institution,
2. Regardless of amount, and
3. Any of the ff. circumstances:
   a. no economic justification
   b. client not properly identified
   c. amount not commensurate with financial capacity
   d. structured to avoid reporting
   e. deviation from client’s profile or past transactions
   f. unlawful activity under this Act
   g. Similar or analogous

UNLAWFUL ACTIVITY:
1. Kidnapping for ransom
2. Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002 (Sec. 4,5,6,8,9,10,12,14,15,16)
3. Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act (Sec. 3, par. B,C,E,G,H and I)
4. Plunder
5. Robbery and extortion
6. Jueteng and Masiao punished as illegal gambling
7. Piracy on the high seas
8. Qualified theft
9. Swindling
10.Smuggling
11.Electronic Commerce Act of 2000
12.Hijacking and other violation of RA 6235; destructive and murder, including those
   perpetrated by terrorists against non-combatants
13. Securities Regulations Code of 2000
14. Offenses of similar nature punishable by foreign penal laws

WHAT IS REQUIRED TO BE REPORTED?
Covered institutions shall report to the Anti Money Laundering Council all covered transactions and suspicious transactions within 5 working days from the occurrence.

AUTHORITY TO INQUIRE INTO BANK DEPOSITS:
1. Court order upon showing of probable cause that the deposit is related to an unlawful  
   activity or a money laundering offense.
2. No court order required for the ff. unlawful activities:
   a. Kidnapping for ransom
   b. Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002 Hijacking and other violation of RA 6235;
      destructive and murder, including those perpetrated by terrorists against non-combatants

PROSECUTION OF MONEY LAUNDERING:
1. Offender may be charged with and convicted of BOTH money laundering and the unlawful
   activity
2. Proceeding of unlawful activity shall be given precedence over the prosecution for
   money laundering, without prejudice to freezing and other remedies of this Act.



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Bigwas

I'm Bigwas, It is just an Alias. I have a degree in Criminology. I'm a blogger who loves to write about anything that cross my mind. I hope you learn something from my blog.

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